Polulation density is defined as the number of people per
square kilometer of land.
i) Quality of soil; This promotes good agricultural yield and
therefore supports high population.
ii) Industrial and Commerial activities: If there is not enough
industries the area or conutry crop will migrate to another
area which affect the population density.
The human land physical factors each that favour population
growth; The world are
i) Availability of water: Water is reddily available for both
domestic and industrial purpose offten attract high
ii) Climate; It attract high population,concentration than
areas where the climate is not condusive.
iii) Soil: Fertile soil tends to attract high population
concentration than area that are infertile.
i) It leads to the spread of disease eg AIDS.
ii) It can lead to break down of traditional value and ways of
life of the local people.
iii) Over dependence of a conutry on tourism industry is
i) Abundace of wide space: space is necessary in order to
allow people to move about whenever they come to vist the
ii) There should be a stable political atmosphere
iii) Strategic positioning: This simply means that a tourist
centre is a thing or place that should be built where people
will notice it.
Access to raw material; This is the major factor affecting
cement factory,when the raw materials are in bulk with a
high cost in transportation.
Government policy: Government can play a specife role
towards the localisation of industries either for
economic,geography and political
Availability of marketing facilities; The concentration of
industry in a particular area could be a way by which
product can early be marketed.
Availability of labour: Large pool of large pool of labour
encourages forms to come together resulting localisation.
Research and traning centres; Resreach and taking centres
can easily be jointhly estabilish since all the industries
involved are producing similar product.
i) dependence on inport raw materials
ii) Inadequate capital
iii) inadequate technological knowledge
iv) Frequent changes in government
v) Inadequate and infficient services
i) By estabilishing industries local raw material
ii) By obtaining intrest from loadns
iii) By raising the level of technological expertise.
iv) There must be significant improvnment in the level of
v) Political stability in the country is necessary
INTERNAL TRADE: is also known as home trade may be
defined as the exchange, buying and selling of goods and
services within a country.
i)Availability of good transport network: transportation
enhances internal trade by looking different regions
together by good roads and railways.
ii)Availability of wide market: this also favours or encourage
internal trade if a country can consume the commodities
being produced in that country.
iii)Availability of common currency:this will encourage or
favour internal trade if the different regions of a country
have the same currency for
Instance [Nigera’s naira and kobo] which will make soles
and purchases easier
iv)Variation in climate:variation in climate enables different
regions of a country to produce different product there by
creating room for internal trade
i)Bad or poor transportation network e:g Bad roads.
ii)Spoilage of peristable products due to poor storage and
long distance transport e:g meat,tomatoes,and vegetables
iii)High rate of rural-urban migration
iv)High rate of pests and diseass which attack crops leading
to low harvest.
i)Promotion of cooperation and development
ii)Elimination of customs duties
iii)Abolition of trade restriction
iv)Establishment of commn traffic
vi)Harmonization of agricultural policies.
i)Trade liberalization: this has contribute promotion of trade
in weed africa.
ii)Expersion of market;this has led to mass production and
increase in supply of goods in the part of the world.
iii)Execution of joint projects:the community serves as an
avenue for the planning and execution of joint projects by
iv)High standard of living: this resulted for the increase in
production and supply of goods reduction of prices,free
movement of labour etc
I)PROBLEM OF LANGUAGE;differences in language has
greatly militated against the difficient functioning of the
II)ESCALATION OF SMOGGLING: this problem of smoggling is
exacerbated by the free movement of the community
III)LACK OF ENOUGH INFRASTRUCTURE:this has contributed
immensely in delaying the achievements of the aims and
objectives of the community.
IV)NON-POLICY IMPLEMENTATION:this problem led to the
non-achievement of anything by the community in is frist
V)CONGESTION;this is caused by article 27 of the community
charater which encourages migration from one member-
state to another.
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