Values can be define as the worth, merit or esteem
which a person individual or group of people in the
society or communities have for objects or an idea.
(1b) -to give student d knowledge and skills that we
enable to participate in d society as a responsible
– to make them to be well informed critical and aware
of their duties and rights.
-to provide a frame work which promote d social and
culture development of citizen 4 to enable them to
become one self confident.
citizenship education implies that citizen be aware of
laid down laws i.e. the constitution of their country.
the constitution is the basic guide stating what is
expected of citizens and what they are forbidding to
do. these laid down rules are conditions given to
citizens to keep and abide by. anyone who breaks
these laid down rules is punishable under the same
law. all citizens are to be treated equal under the law.
-Tolerance: tolerance is referred to as willingness or a
way of allowing people to do what they want or say
what they want without criticizing or punishing them..
-harmony: harmony helps in the promotion of national
consciousness, national integrity and unity in the
sense that in a nation where citizens understand
themselves, they will live and work together in a
Drug abuse is the overuse and misuse of legal and
illegal drugs by individuals without prescription by
-legal sanction the inclusion of drug abuse in the penal
codes in Nigeria with penalties
-teaching drug usage and misuse as part of the school
curriculum i.e enormative education
-psychological reinforcement of behaviours of drug
abuse when appropriate.
-community action and involvement: school systems,
churches, mosques, recreation facilities and all citizens
should work together to institute drug freenorms
within our culture and their particular communities
-involvement in school and entracurricular activities
such as sports may keep people out of drug abuse
Futures of democracy: -national wealth: disparity in
the distribution of
national wealth is progressively reduces.
-secret ballot: in popular democracies, elections are
usually done by secret ballot
-rule of law: there should be the application of the rule
of law and no one should be above the law –
fundamental human right: the rights of individuals
should be promoted and guaranted
-freedom of press: the radio, newspapers and
television should be free to write and express issues
without any hindrance
(7b) -equal opportunity:it ensures equal opportunity
citizens in all spheres of life
-free choice of leader: it gives the electorate the
opportunity to elect leaders of their choice.
-misuse of power: democracy does not allow for
misuse of power because power is not concentrated in
the hand of one person.
-legitimacy: it gives legitimacy to the elected
government. this is because the elected government
has the support of the people..
-operation of the rule of law: those in government rule
according to the provisions of the constitution.